Tesla CEO Elon Musk now says he desires to purchase Twitter outright, taking it non-public to revive its dedication to what he phrases “free speech.” However his supply, which appeared to fall flat with traders on Thursday, raises as many questions because it solutions.
Amongst them: Is he critical? Can he get the cash collectively? Would a sale make shareholders blissful? And what would the social platform appear like if he succeeds?
Why is Musk considering Twitter?
Ostensibly as a result of the service, he says, is not dwelling as much as its potential as a “platform free of charge speech.” Musk insists that he isn’t considering earning profits off Twitter and on Thursday mentioned his motivation sprang from the conclusion that “having a public platform that’s maximally trusted and broadly inclusive is extraordinarily essential to the way forward for civilization.”
Twitter, like different social media platforms, suspends accounts for violating content material requirements, together with on violence, hate speech or dangerous misinformation. Its suspension of Donald Trump angered the previous president’s followers.
Musk has described himself as a “free speech absolutist” – however he has blocked Twitter customers who query or disagree with him. Regulators have additionally accused his automobile firm, Tesla, of retaliating towards Black staff who spoke up about discrimination.
Has Musk mentioned the place he’ll get the funds to purchase Twitter?
No. And his regulatory submitting says the supply is topic to “completion of anticipated financing.”
Throughout a Thursday on-stage interview on the TED 2022 convention, Musk famous vaguely that he has “enough belongings” to finish the deal, including: “I can do it if attainable.”
Can he simply purchase Twitter outright from his private wealth?
Musk is the world’s wealthiest man, based on Forbes, with an almost $265 billion fortune. However a lot of his cash is tied up in Tesla inventory – he owns about 17% of the corporate, based on FactSet, which is valued at greater than $1 trillion – and SpaceX, his privately held area firm. It is unclear how a lot money Musk has.
“I do assume this will probably be considerably painful and I am undecided that I’ll truly be capable to purchase it,” Musk mentioned in his Thursday interview.
Musk may promote Tesla inventory to boost cash – which may damage Tesla’s share worth – or borrow towards his inventory holdings. However Forbes notes that he has already used greater than half of his Tesla stake as mortgage collateral.
Would Twitter shareholders be blissful together with his supply?
The inventory traded decrease than the supply worth of $54.20 a share Thursday, suggesting traders doubt the deal will undergo. The shares have traded above $70 up to now 12 months and peaked at $80.75 in February 2021.
There was government turnover since co-founder Jack Dorsey’s departure in November left Twitter with a brand new CEO, Parag Agrawal, whose preliminary actions have concerned inside reorganizations.
There haven’t been any main modifications to Twitter, which, regardless of its outsized affect resulting from high-profile celeb and politician posters, in addition to a loyal base of journalists, has fewer customers than social media rivals like Fb and TikTok. Musk himself is a large consumer, with greater than 81 million followers.
Dorsey, nonetheless a significant shareholder, has not indicated what he thinks of Musk’s supply.
Twitter mentioned solely that it’ll take a look at the supply. A spokesperson declined to reply if the board will put in place a protection towards a hostile takeover often known as a “poison capsule”.
How may Musk remake Twitter?
It is exhausting to know with Musk, and even attempting to sport out this hypothetical could be taking the person too critically. By saying Twitter just isn’t dwelling as much as its potential to be a “platform free of charge speech,” he appears to be saying he would cut back content material moderation. However he has additionally known as for the corporate to crack down on spam accounts, which suggests extra moderation.
He proposed dropping advertisements from the service – advertisements are how Twitter makes cash – and making its San Francisco headquarters right into a homeless shelter. He additionally appears to approve of a button to edit tweets.
What considerations does Musk as an proprietor of Twitter increase?
Social-media corporations wrestle to comprise misinformation and hate speech. Musk, whose tweets can lead on-line bullies to swarm his critics on-line, doesn’t appear eager on content material moderation.
“Regulators worldwide will probably be wincing on the potential free speech implications ought to Musk’s takeover bid succeed,” mentioned GlobalData analyst Rachel Foster-Jones. “Musk is clearly critical about selling free speech for the good thing about democracy, however the line between free speech and hate speech or misinformation is changing into more and more muddied, and makes an attempt to alter Twitter may simply result in these points spiraling uncontrolled.”
In his speak with Anderson, Musk mentioned that Twitter is ” sure by the legal guidelines of the nation it operates in, so clearly there are some limitations on free speech within the U.S. and naturally Twitter must abide by these guidelines.” However he mentioned it was “fairly harmful” to have “tweets be mysteriously promoted and demoted” and having a “black-box algorithm.”
What occurs subsequent?
Twitter might rent bankers and advisers to assist it evaluate the deal, mentioned Third Bridge expertise, media and telecom analyst Scott Kessler. And different consumers may emerge. “It appears that evidently if would-be strategic and/or monetary consumers are considering Twitter, they need to most likely have interaction now.”

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